Applying the vaccine for dogs can save your pet's life. With immunization, the pet is protected from some of the most dangerous diseases. It is not difficult to know what to do, since there is a vaccine table for dogs that must be followed by the guardian. Understand how the vaccination cycle works, which vaccines the dog should take, how many doses are needed and at what time of the vaccination.life each should be applied is essential.
If you have just adopted a dog, there is no need to despair, as it is common to have doubts about dog vaccination. To help you understand the vaccine cycle for puppies or newly adopted adults, Patas da Casa has prepared the following step by step. check out!
Step 1) Before getting the first vaccine, the puppy must undergo a medical evaluation
The ideal thing to do after adopting a puppy is to take it for vaccinations. The puppy, however, needs to be evaluated first. The reason is that sick dogs should not be vaccinated. If your pet has any disease, such as canine distemper, canine rabies or any other condition, the application of the vaccine may end up worsening the condition. Therefore, before applying any vaccine, puppy or newly adopted adult dogIf the dog is healthy, it can be vaccinated. If a disease is found, it must first be treated before the dog vaccine can be administered.
Step 2) Clear all doubts about the dog vaccine schedule
Many guardians have questions about the dog vaccine table. Understanding the vaccination schedule can be really complicated for pet parents, especially first-timers. So, before applying the dog vaccine, try to answer all questions. The tip is to take advantage of the consultation with the veterinarian to ask everything.
One of the most common questions is: how many vaccines does the dog have to take? Usually, there are five, two of which are mandatory and three non-mandatory (that is, the animal will not always need them). And which vaccines should the dog take? The mandatory ones are V10 or V8 and the anti-rabies vaccine. Dogs can also take non-mandatory immunizations, they are: vaccine against canine giardia,canine influenza vaccine and leishmaniasis vaccine.
Step 3) It's time to get V10, the first puppy vaccine
With the animal healthy and all doubts answered, it is time to apply the first vaccine. The dog should start the vaccination cycle with a multiple vaccine. There are two options: V10 or V8. Both prevent the following diseases: distemper, parvovirus, coronavirus, infectious hepatitis, adenovirus, parainfluenza and leptospirosis. The difference between the two is that V8 protects the animal against twotypes of leptospirosis and V10 protects against four types of the disease.See_also: Feline mammary hyperplasia: veterinarian answers 5 important questions about the disease
In total, the multiple vaccine needs three doses. To have the first dose of the first vaccine, the puppy must be 45 days old. After the application, you must wait 21 days and then take the second dose. After another 21 days, the third and final dose of the vaccine should be applied. A newly adopted adult dog or one that was not vaccinated as a puppy should also follow the same guidelines.As soon as you are sure that the animal is healthy, you should apply the first dose of V8 or V10 and wait the same 21-day interval between each dose. In this type of vaccine, puppy or adult dog will need to take a booster annually.See_also: Tennis ball for dog that destroys everything: is it worth it?
Step 4) After the multiple puppy vaccine, it's time to get the rabies shot
The second immunization is the rabies vaccine. The dog can take it from 120 days of life (about four months). Unlike multiple vaccines, rabies vaccination will only need one dose. However, it is necessary to take the annual booster. It is worth mentioning that, regardless of the types of vaccine, the dog needs to wait about two weeks to start leaving the house. Thisis the period that the vaccine has to immunize the animal and begin to take effect.
Step 5) Only then can you start applying the non-mandatory puppy vaccines
After applying the two mandatory types of dog vaccine, it is time to assess whether the animal will need to take the non-mandatory immunizations. The ideal is to talk to the veterinarian to understand whether there is a need or not according to the lifestyle that the pet leads. The vaccine against canine leishmaniasis, for example, is ideal for dogs that live in areas where the straw mosquito (vector of the disease) is found.The vaccine against canine giardia is recommended for pets living in places with poor sanitation, where the disease is more frequent. Finally, the vaccine against canine flu is ideal for dogs that are used to living with many dogs, as the risk of transmission is higher.
It is worth mentioning that even if your pet does not fit into these situations, he can take any of these types of vaccine. Puppy or adult dog can only gain from more immunization.
Step 6) Puppy vaccines need boosters every 12 months
The puppy vaccine schedule does not end after the first year of immunization. Vaccines protect the animal for a limited time, so the guardian needs to take the dog for a booster dose annually for the rest of his life for each type of vaccine. The dog needs immunization every year to stay protected. Also remember not to delay the puppy vaccine, as this canBy following this step by step on how to do the dog vaccine cycle correctly, you can be sure that your pet will be well protected!