Why do some dog breeds have a flattened muzzle?

 Why do some dog breeds have a flattened muzzle?

Tracy Wilkins

When talking about "flat-nosed dog", many people are actually referring to some kind of Bulldog, the Pug or the Shih Tzu. But the truth is that there are also large brachycephalic breeds, such as the Cane Corso. Flat-nosed is not an exclusivity of small breeds! Therefore, we will explain the reasons why some dog breeds have a flattened muzzle, which ones?care is needed to maintain the health of these animals and what kind of health problems these puppies tend to develop. keep reading!

Dogs with flattened muzzles can also be called brachycephalic dogs.

Short snout, compressed skull and reduced upper respiratory system: these are the main characteristics of brachycephalic dogs. This anatomy is the result of a series of crossbreeding, made with the aim of compacting the upper jaws of these animals. The friendly face of flat-nosed dogs gives away some of the cheerful personality of these pets. But the reasons behind it areIn the case of the English Bulldog, for example, the flat face was very useful for attacking bulls, in a very controversial and violent sport, Bull-baiting. With time and coexistence with humans, the personality of this breed of dog became more affable, but some physical characteristics remained.

Dog: flattened muzzle requires special care

Less space in the mouth for the organization of the dental arch is a common feature in flat-nosed dogs. Therefore, it is super important to take care of the oral hygiene of these little furry ones, brushing their teeth daily. Some brachycephalic dogs also need to have their diet controlled and exercise regularly, to avoid a picture of obesity that would make the condition even worse.In the case of dogs with flattened snouts and folds on the face, it is essential to clean the inside of the skin folds with a damp cloth, as well as drying the area to prevent the proliferation of fungi.

Health problems that flat nose dog may have to face

Stenosis of the nostrils: narrowing of the nostrils, which can also affect the pharynx, is very common in brachycephalic dogs and may require surgical intervention to correct breathing;

Elongated soft palate: this part of the canine anatomy is located inside the throat, in the continuation of the roof of the dog's mouth (the hard palate). The extension of the soft palate causes vibrations when the dog breathes, as if it were a kind of snoring;

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Overheating: Dogs control their body temperature through breathing, so if they can't breathe comfortably, they are more prone to overheating, especially on hot days.

Dry eyes: the compact skull of brachycephalic dogs also makes their eyes more exposed, so that the eyelids cannot completely enclose them. The consequence of this is chronic dryness in the eyes, as well as a high possibility of the eyes popping out of the socket when minor accidents occur with the dog.

Dog without a muzzle: meet the breeds

The most famous brachycephalic dogs are undoubtedly the English Bulldog, the French Bulldog and the Pug. But there is a list of dog breeds with flat faces and different characteristics: large, medium or small size, calmer or more playful temperament and with different coat styles. See some examples:

Tracy Wilkins

Jeremy Cruz is a passionate animal lover and dedicated pet parent. With a background in veterinary medicine, Jeremy has spent years working alongside veterinarians, gaining invaluable knowledge and experience in caring for dogs and cats. His genuine love for animals and commitment to their well-being led him to create the blog Everything you need to know about dogs and cats, where he shares expert advice from veterinarians, owners, and respected experts in the field, including Tracy Wilkins. By combining his expertise in veterinary medicine with insights from other respected professionals, Jeremy aims to provide a comprehensive resource for pet owners, helping them understand and address their beloved pets' needs. Whether it's training tips, health advice, or simply spreading awareness about animal welfare, Jeremy's blog has become a go-to source for pet enthusiasts seeking reliable and compassionate information. Through his writing, Jeremy hopes to inspire others to become more responsible pet owners and create a world where all animals receive the love, care, and respect they deserve.