Dog crossing: everything you need to know about it

 Dog crossing: everything you need to know about it

Tracy Wilkins

Dog breeding is a subject that arouses the curiosity of most guardians. While some are concerned with preventing the bitch from having puppies, others seek to know the ideal conditions for generating a new litter. Before allowing dog mating, however, a number of precautions must be taken. Continue reading!

Is dog mating a necessity for the animal?

Dogs do not need to have puppies to feel complete or to be in good health, either physically or emotionally. In other words, it is possible for a dog to go his whole life without mating and not have any kind of damage because of it. Castration can prevent health problems, including reducing the risk of tumors.

The decision to crossbreed a puppy is, therefore, the decision of the guardian. Before hitting the hammer, it is necessary to evaluate impacts such as the costs of examinations, consultations and medications for mom and puppies, the cost of a probable cesarean surgery, the feeding and vaccination of the entire litter until the dogs are 45 days old, the future adopters for these puppies, among other cares.

Dog crossing: how to prepare your pet for this moment

If you have considered all the pros and cons of dog mating and decided that you can afford it, you also need to prepare your pet for this moment. Here are 3 fundamental attitudes for a smooth and successful crossing:

Before allowing puppy mating, get a health check-up for your pet

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No puppy should cross without up-to-date vaccinations, as well as flea and worm remedies. Without these basic precautions, many opportunistic diseases can arise, weakening the animal's organism. It applies both to females, who will give birth to puppies and need to be in perfect health, and to males who can transmit diseases to their partner during the pregnancy.Veterinary check-up is also important to identify diseases that can be transmitted to puppies.

Before mating, puppies like to sniff each other to get to know each other better.

Choosing the ideal dog crossing partner

Avoid having your dog mated with siblings or with other dogs in the same family: this also applies to father and daughter, mother and son, etc. The chances of puppies being born with health problems in such cases is very high. The partners should be of similar size, so that the female has a safe delivery later on. If the male is much bigger than her, the puppies may be bigger than she iswill be able to give birth without major problems.

Socialization is necessary for puppy mating to be a good experience

Before the moment of mating, it is indicated that the dogs get to know each other and live together for a few hours, preferably on different days, so that they get used to each other. Take the little couple to the place chosen for the crossing to take place - at the male's house, preferably - and supervise the interaction between them. That way, the female is less likely to reject the male when she is ready to fertilized.

For a dog, mating can happen at any time. Learn how to identify your female dog's fertile period.

The fundamental difference between a dog and a bitch is that puppies mate whenever they come into contact with a female in heat. When not in her fertile period, bitches tend to repel the presence of the male, often reacting aggressively to attempts to approach the "stud". Understanding bitch heat, therefore, is fundamental to successful puppy mating.There are three phases in the estrous cycle:

  • Proestrus: this is the beginning of the hormonal stimulation of the estrous cycle. With the release of pheromones, males begin to take an interest in the female, who is not yet ready for puppyhood.

  • Oestrus: in the second phase of oestrus, ovulation occurs, which allows the dog to have a pregnancy. She will be more affectionate and receptive to the males around her, and may even try to run away to meet them.

  • Diestrus: the third phase ensures that the pregnancy is maintained, whether or not it has occurred. Again, the bitch will start to repel males. Cases of psychological pregnancy can occur during this period, which takes between 56 and 90 days.

  • Anestrus: the interval between the other phases, representing pregnancy or the resumption of the cycle.

How many days does the bitch stay in heat to breed?

If the goal is to guarantee a litter, it is recommended that the pet owner start noticing the signs that appear during proestrus, such as the enlargement of the bitch's vulva. This period takes from 5 to 10 days. Take the opportunity to introduce the couple during this window, as the next phase - estrus - lasts from 3 to 10 days. In other words: to have the puppies crossing at the right time, it is good to plan. If thepuppy refuses copulation, let the male try again the next day.

How many times does a bitch need to be mated to get pregnant?

In most cases of new puppy litters, mating does not need to be performed more than once for it to be successful. On the other hand, the bitch may allow mating for several days in a row. The guardian is the one who must mediate the interactions, taking into account that for puppies, mating is something instinctive, but that they do not understand very well. Allowing mating only once per month is a good is a way to preserve the well-being of the little pair!

Butt glued together: puppies mating in an unusual position.

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Dog mating: how mating actually happens

During the crucio, the male dog will "hug" the female from behind, using his front paws. The female, in turn, will facilitate her partner's onslaught by standing firmly under all four paws and moving her tail a little to one side. They will remain in this position for a few minutes and then join butt to butt, staying together for a longer period of time,It is important that no one tries to separate them at this time! At the right time, the mating is over and each dog should have its moment of rest. In just over 2 months, a new litter will be ready to be born!

Tracy Wilkins

Jeremy Cruz is a passionate animal lover and dedicated pet parent. With a background in veterinary medicine, Jeremy has spent years working alongside veterinarians, gaining invaluable knowledge and experience in caring for dogs and cats. His genuine love for animals and commitment to their well-being led him to create the blog Everything you need to know about dogs and cats, where he shares expert advice from veterinarians, owners, and respected experts in the field, including Tracy Wilkins. By combining his expertise in veterinary medicine with insights from other respected professionals, Jeremy aims to provide a comprehensive resource for pet owners, helping them understand and address their beloved pets' needs. Whether it's training tips, health advice, or simply spreading awareness about animal welfare, Jeremy's blog has become a go-to source for pet enthusiasts seeking reliable and compassionate information. Through his writing, Jeremy hopes to inspire others to become more responsible pet owners and create a world where all animals receive the love, care, and respect they deserve.