A hernia in a dog can occur in several places in the body: disc herniation, inguinal hernia, diaphragmatic hernia and umbilical hernia, the latter being one of the most common. Many do not know, but dogs have navels - although it is difficult to locate since after the birth of the puppy it heals and almost disappears below the hair. It is exactly in this region that the hernia manifests itself.Dogs with this disease have a protrusion at the site that allows the passage of internal organs, causing a bump and pain. Patas da casa talked to veterinarian Marcela Machado, who told everything about umbilical hernia in dogs. check out!
What is umbilical hernia in dog?
Before understanding what umbilical hernia in dogs is, you need to understand what a hernia actually is. "A hernia is characterized by abnormal communication from one cavity to another, causing a protrusion of organs or fat to where they do not originate," explains the specialist. Thus, a hernia in dogs happens when some cavity is not completely closed, forming an opening thatIn umbilical hernia in dogs, what breaks is the muscular wall of the abdomen. "Umbilical hernia in dogs is a congenital malformation, where there is no total closure of the muscles in the umbilical region." The great danger of this disease is precisely the possibility of some internal organ leaking, causing damage to the dog's health and intense pain.
Does a dog have a belly button?
Many people do not know, but dogs have navels! It is part of the dog's anatomy, but it is quite discreet, being almost imperceptible. When it is still in the mother's belly, the umbilical cord is responsible for transporting nutrients and oxygen to the puppy. At birth, the cord can fall or be cut, often by the mother herself. The dog's navel is the place that marks where the cordThe dog has a belly button, but after the cord is removed, it heals and therefore we can hardly see it. A herniated belly button in dogs is one of the problems that can arise when the umbilical cord is not severed properly.
What causes umbilical hernia in dogs?
A hernia in a dog can have different causes. A herniated disc, for example, arises when there is a greater impact than the vertebrae are able to withstand. In a herniated navel in a dog, the cause is usually hereditary. "Most cases are congenital, that is, in the formation of the fetus during gestation," explains the specialist. Breeds such as Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Basenji and Maltese, for example, haveAnother possible cause of umbilical hernia in a puppy is trauma. Sometimes the mother cuts the puppy's umbilical cord improperly, thus causing a hernia in a puppy.
Umbilical hernia: puppy dog is the most affected
In umbilical hernia, puppies are usually more affected. The veterinarian explains that this is due to the fact that most hernias in the dog's navel are congenital. "But if they are not corrected (either because there is no real need or because of the guardian's ignorance and lack of diagnosis), it persists throughout the animal's life", advises Marcela.See_also: How to remove fleas from kittens: here are some tips for dealing with the parasite!
How does the dog navel look in a hernia condition?
When a dog develops an umbilical hernia, it will have a bulge in the abdominal cavity. This bulge marks the place where the cavities were ruptured. "The main sign is a 'bump' or bulge in the dog's navel, which can vary in size depending on the opening in the muscles of the place," explains Marcela. The dog hernia can be large or small, and that"Smaller openings usually only allow small amounts of intra-abdominal fat to pass through, thus causing a smaller bulge that usually reduces when the animal lies on its stomach. If the hernia is larger, protrusion of abdominal viscera can occur, greatly increasing the risk of complications", explains the specialist.See_also: How to remove tartar from dogs?
What are the symptoms of dog hernia in the navel?
The bump is the main sign of a hernia. There are also other signs, such as redness and warmth at the site and pain when palpating. If any internal organ, such as the intestinal loops, starts to come out, the symptoms worsen. At this level of umbilical hernia, the dog has stronger pain, vomiting, lack of appetite and anorexia. Marcela points out that when she notices these symptoms, the dog should be taken to a doctor.doctor: "Diagnosis should always be performed by a veterinarian, where abdominal inspection and palpation will be performed." Imaging tests can also be done to conclude the diagnosis.
Hernia treatment: dog may need surgery in some cases
It is very important that the dog hernia is monitored by a specialist frequently. "Umbilical hernia in dogs should always be monitored by a veterinary professional, to follow the development of this condition during the growth of the patient." In this way, it is possible to know if the hernia in a dog is increasing and if there is a risk of expulsion of any internal organ, avoidingIn certain cases of umbilical hernia in dogs, surgery may be necessary. "In cases of more extensive umbilical hernias, the ideal is surgical correction to avoid organ incarceration at the site that can cause serious problems, such as constipation and even tissue necrosis", explains Marcela.